What is orientation?
Orientation is the ability that allows awareness of oneself and one’s surroundings at all times.
There are three types of orientation:
• Personal orientation: the ability to integrate information relating to personal history and identity such as our age, civil status, or education level.
• Temporal orientation: the ability to manage information about different events or situations, and place them in chronological order. This is information relating to day, time, month, year, the moment of performing certain behaviors, holidays, seasons, etc.
• Spatial orientation: the ability to handle information relating to where one is coming from, where one is at a specific moment, where one is heading to, etc.
Why is orientation important?
One of the most important aspects of life is knowing how to locate ourselves and others in a specific place or point in time. In order to do so, we must be aware of ourselves and our surroundings which involves determining our proper location in time and space.
At any given moment, we need to know which day or time it is and which activities to perform (to have breakfast in the morning, to go to bed at night, to spend time with hobbies during the weekend, etc.).
NeuronUP activities for the rehabilitation of orientation
To rehabilitate personal orientation, we have designed activities in which patients have to answer a series of questions regarding their personal life. These activities can vary in level of difficulty and assistance depending on the patient’s specific needs.
To improve temporal orientation, there are tasks in which patients must tell the time, the month, and the seasons of the year.
For spatial orientation, there are exercises in which patients connect different objects to the places where they can be purchased and the professionals who work in these places.